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ICE Method

The ICE method for citing references.

I – Introduce

  • Introduce the quote with some kind of phrase. Such as “Obi-wan Kenobi says…”
  • Use both the first and last name of the author when using the first time in the paper

C – Cite – http://abington.psu.edu/ice-introduce-cite-and-explain-your-evidence

  • If the author’s name appears in the introduction to the quote or in the paraphrase, it doesn’t have to appear in the parenthetical reference, as the citations above illustrate.
  • If the author’s name does not appear in the introduction to the quote, the name must appear in the parenthetical reference.

E – Explain

  • Explain the quote and tie back to the original idea

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