The ICE method for citing references.
I – Introduce
- Introduce the quote with some kind of phrase. Such as “Obi-wan Kenobi says…”
- Use both the first and last name of the author when using the first time in the paper
- If the author’s name appears in the introduction to the quote or in the paraphrase, it doesn’t have to appear in the parenthetical reference, as the citations above illustrate.
- If the author’s name does not appear in the introduction to the quote, the name must appear in the parenthetical reference.
E – Explain
- Explain the quote and tie back to the original idea